Wto Bali Trade Facilitation Agreement

2As due to their structural handicaps, which result in low income, high economic vulnerability and low human resources, small developing and least developed countries (LDCs) face particular challenges to integration into the global economy. As the weakest players on the international stage and given their high dependence on international trade, LDCs have, almost by definition, a great interest in establishing a well-functioning, rules-based multilateral system for managing economic interdependencies. Such a system protects them from power-based relations and strengthens their bargaining power by allowing effective coalitions to advance their development interests, which bilateral negotiations can hardly achieve. Measures such as pre-feeding information (Article 7.1 TFA), inspections (Article 7.5), licensed economic operators (7.7), risk management (7.4) and much more, not only reduce the need for physical inspections, but also increase the likelihood of catching bad guys. The more we are concerned about the protection and collection of revenues, the more we should be concerned about the ratification and implementation of the trade facilitation agreement. 7The proposal ultimately did not receive sufficient support. The focus on the LDC has led many non-LDCs to wonder what was there for them. Defining the outlines of the agreement itself has become a challenge, as members have inserted their own themes into the package and have established links between the different negotiating paths. This “Christmas tree” approach quickly became uncontrollable and the mini-package finally failed shortly before the 2011 ministerial post. However, at the conference itself, ministers called for a change of approach to break the deadlock in Doha. They also pledged to “advance negotiations where progress can be made, including focusing on the elements of the Doha Declaration, which allow members to reach interim or final agreements on the basis of consensus earlier than the full conclusion of the single commitment” (WTO, 2011). Shortly thereafter, the reactions of negotiators and members showed that a small package for the 9th Ministerial Conference in Bali (MC9) was based on trade facilitation – a subject that was not part of the Doha mandate but was one of the fastest areas of negotiations in recent years, and therefore a front-page list for an early harvest — some elements of agriculture. and some issues of particular importance to the least developed countries could be achievable.